The confinement of the Bearded Vulture to the Pyrenees has conditioned its viability in the medium to long term, so that both the Spanish Strategy for its conservation and the EU Action Plan include, among their objectives, the expansion of the species to its former area of distribution, with the aim of creating a meta-population scenario that reduces its risk of extinction.
Accordingly, two reintroduction projects have been carried out in Spain. The first in Cazorla (LIFE04 NAT/E/000056), initiated in 2004, has managed to establish 5 breeding pairs (2022). The other, developed by the FCQ and initiated in 2013, has achieved its reintroduction in the Picos de Europa (LIFE/NAT/ES/000322), where there are currently 3 breeding pairs (2022).
Outside the Pyrenees the situation continues to be critical in Corsica and Greece, while in the Alps it has been reintroduced, and today there are 76 pairs (2022). To avoid the isolation of the Alpine population, a reintroduction project was started in 2014 in the French Massif Central (LIFE14 NAT/FR/000050), halfway between the Alps and the Pyrenees, in order to favour genetic exchange between the two populations.